Wasp

Waspany member of a group of insects in the order Hymenopterasuborder Apocritasome of which are stinging. Wasps are distinguished from the ants and bees of Apocrita by various behavioral and physical characteristics, particularly their possession of a slender, smooth body and legs with relatively few hairs. Wasps also generally are predatory or parasitic and have stingers with few barbs that can be removed easily from their victims.

Wasps have biting mouthparts and antennae with 12 or 13 segments. They are normally winged. In stinging species, only the females are provided with a formidable sting, which involves use of a modified ovipositor egg-laying structure for piercing and venom-producing glands.

Adult wasps may feed on nectar and, in some species, on the secretions produced by larvae. Larvae of predatory wasp species typically feed on insects, while larvae of parasitic species feed on their hosts. Wasps are subdivided into two groups: solitary wasps, which live alone, and social wasps, which live in colonies. Of the tens of thousands of species of wasps that have been described, the vast majority are solitary in habit.

The social wasps are confined to about 1, species within the family Vespidae superfamily Vespoidea and include the hornets and yellow jackets yellowjackets.

They differ from other wasp families in having their wings folded longitudinally when at rest. Solitary wasps are distributed in the superfamilies Chrysidoidea, Vespoidea, and Apoidea. Most species build isolated nests, which they provision with paralyzed insects or spiders. The female wasp deposits an egg in each cell of the nest, and the wasp larva hatching from that egg feeds to maturity upon the food with which its cell has been provisioned.

The vast majority of solitary wasps nest in the ground, digging tunnels in the soil in which to lay their eggs. But the Sphecidae, or thread-waisted wasps superfamily Apoideacontain forms of more diverse habits, with some nesting in wood, pithy plant stems, or in nests made of mud.

Spider wasps Pompilidae usually build nests in rotten wood or in rock crevices and provision them with spiders. The potter, or mason, wasps subfamily Eumeninae of the Vespidae build nests of mud, which are sometimes vaselike or juglike and may be found attached to twigs or other objects.

The social wasps within the family Vespidae are among the best-known species of wasps. Most of them belong to the subfamilies Vespinae or Polistinae. In their societies they have a caste system consisting of one or several queensa few drones malesand sterile females called workers.

The queen, a fertilized female, begins the colony in the spring by building a small nest and laying eggs that hatch into workers. The latter enlarge the paperlike nest, which is composed of chewed dry plant material, usually wood, that has been mixed with saliva and regurgitated.Wasps can have people running around their yard out of fear.

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They are one of the biggest nuisances that come with summer for some people. To help you identify which type of wasp is bothering you, I have rounded up 25 common wasps and hornets. Keep in mind that not all of these are common in the US. Some types of hornets are only really prevalent in Asia, thank god…. Wasps are a common nuisance among many people, even having people running around their yards because they are so fearful of the wasps sting. There are more than types of wasps in the US, but only a handful of species are considered pests.

Wasps are beneficial insects to humans as they feed on other insects and pests. Wasps can be hard to distinguish from some types of bees in some cases. If you are attempting to identify a wasp or hornet, have a look at below list of 22 types of wasps and hornets.

Some types of insects like to nest in the lawn. If your lawn suffers from nesting wasps or bees, you might want to try an organic lawn insect killer. Or, if you really want to let mother nature sort out your insect troubles, try planting plants that repel insects in your garden. Also known as the great black wasp, this insect can be found in most of North America and northern Mexico and it can get up to one and a half inches in length.

It is very large and black in color and the females are larger than the males. It has smoky wings and its sting is very painful. The stings, however, do not make the skin swell as many other stings do. When the black wasps sting their prey, they always sting a total of three times — once in the neck and twice in the thorax, which paralyzes the prey, although they can survive for weeks this way.

After they are stung, the female black wasp usually brings them to the nest for a bit. Black shield wasps pollinate orchids and are only found in Hainan, an island in China.

It also preys on honeybees and feeds those bees to its larvae. It is a very common social wasp and can often be seen around human dwellings.

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The black shield wasp has a lot of different prey, including small flying insects, but they also love food, which is why they are often found around outdoor barbecue sites. Their bodies are usually a combination of dark-brown and a Sulphur-yellow color.Eaves, soffits, and gutters on home exteriors are popular wasp nesting spots.

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Flowers and plant life attract them to yards, as do patios and other outdoor eating areas with crumbs or sticky soda spills that are not cleaned up. Garbage cans that are not properly covered and regularly emptied also attract wasps that are seeking sources food.

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Properties with abundant insects and spiders provide ample prey for both developing and mature wasps. Contrary to popular, but inaccurate beliefs, nests left behind by wasp populations that die during the cold weather months are generally not reused by subsequent generations of wasps. Wasps near the home can ruin outdoor activities and make yardwork difficult. While they rarely go out of their way to sting, wasps may become hostile if threatened or disturbed. Orkin uses an integrated approach that employs a variety of effective and efficient methods to control wasps.

Our integrated program includes using:. For more information or to schedule an inspection, please contact your local Orkin branch office. Signs are dependent on species, but most often the workers and the nest are the most likely signs.

Read more on infestations. Wasp species are categorized as social or solitary. As their name implies, social wasps live in colonies, which may number in the thousands. Within these colonies, female workers perform all duties within the nest.

Solitary wasps live alone and therefore do not have a colony.

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They do lay eggs, but their eggs are left alone to hatch. Some wasps are predatory, while others are parasitic. Predatory wasps kill and consume other insects as well as other animals which they often feed to their larvae. Parasitic wasps typically lay their eggs in the bodies of living creatures like caterpillars or spiders. The larvae feed on the still-living host.

Wasps can assist in the management of other pests, particularly in agriculture as biological control agents. Many wasps also feed on nectar from flowers and therefore function as pollinators. Some wasps are aggressive species and can sting when threatened. There are many species of wasps that are important pollinators. However, taken as a group, wasps do pollinate, but are not as effective at pollinating as the bees.A wasp is any insect of the narrow-waisted suborder Apocrita of the order Hymenoptera which is neither a bee nor an ant ; this excludes the broad-waisted sawflies Symphytawhich look somewhat like wasps but are in a separate suborder.

The wasps do not constitute a cladea complete natural group with a single ancestor, as their common ancestor is shared by bees and ants. Many wasps, those in the clade Aculeatacan sting their insect prey. The most commonly known wasps, such as yellowjackets and hornetsare in the family Vespidae and are eusocialliving together in a nest with an egg-laying queen and non-reproducing workers.

Eusociality is favoured by the unusual haplodiploid system of sex determination in Hymenoptera, as it makes sisters exceptionally closely related to each other. However, the majority of wasp species are solitary, with each adult female living and breeding independently.

Females typically have an ovipositor for laying eggs in or near a food source for the larvae, though in the Aculeata the ovipositor is often modified instead into a sting used for defense or prey capture. Wasps play many ecological roles. Some are predators or pollinators, whether to feed themselves or to provision their nests. Many, notably the cuckoo waspsare kleptoparasiteslaying eggs in the nests of other wasps.

Many of the solitary wasps are parasitoidalmeaning they lay eggs on or in other insects any life stage from egg to adult and often provision their own nests with such hosts. Unlike true parasites, the wasp larvae eventually kill their hosts. Solitary wasps parasitize almost every pest insectmaking wasps valuable in horticulture for biological pest control of species such as whitefly in tomatoes and other crops.

Wasps first appeared in the fossil record in the Jurassicand diversified into many surviving superfamilies by the Cretaceous. They are a successful and diverse group of insects with tens of thousands of described species; wasps have spread to all parts of the world except for the polar regions.

wasp

The largest social wasp is the Asian giant hornetat up to 5 centimetres 2. The smallest wasps are solitary chalcid wasps in the family Mymaridaeincluding the world's smallest known insect, with a body length of only 0. The name "Wasp" has been used for many warships and other military equipment.

The wasps are a cosmopolitan paraphyletic grouping of hundreds of thousands of species, [1] [2] consisting of the narrow-waisted clade Apocrita without the ants and bees. The term wasp is sometimes used more narrowly for members of the Vespidaewhich includes several eusocial wasp lineages, such as yellowjackets the genera Vespula and Dolichovespulahornets genus Vespaand members of the subfamily Polistinae.

Hymenoptera in the form of Symphyta Xyelidae first appeared in the fossil record in the Lower Triassic. Apocrita, wasps in the broad sense, appeared in the Jurassicand had diversified into many of the extant superfamilies by the Cretaceous ; they appear to have evolved from the Symphyta.

wasp

The Vespidae include the extinct genus Palaeovespaseven species of which are known from the Eocene rocks of the Florissant fossil beds of Colorado and from fossilised Baltic amber in Europe. Wasps are a diverse group, estimated at well over a hundred thousand described species around the world, and a great many more as yet undescribed.

Many wasp species are parasitoids; the females deposit eggs on or in a host arthropod on which the larvae then feed. Some larvae start off as parasitoids, but convert at a later stage to consuming the plant tissues that their host is feeding on. In other species, the eggs are laid directly into plant tissues and form gallswhich protect the developing larvae from predators but not necessarily from other parasitic wasps.

In some species, the larvae are predatory themselves; the wasp eggs are deposited in clusters of eggs laid by other insects, and these are then consumed by the developing wasp larvae. There are estimated to bespecies of ichneumonoid wasps in the families Braconidae and Ichneumonidae. These are almost exclusively parasitoids, mostly utilising other insects as hosts. Another family, the Pompilidaeis a specialist parasitoid of spiders. In Peru, 18 wasp species were found living on 14 fly species in only two species of Gurania climbing squash.

Megascolia procera giant solitary species from Java in the Scoliidae. This specimen's length is 77mm and its wingspan is mm. Megarhyssa macrurusa parasitoid. The body of a female is 50mm long, with a c.

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Tarantula hawk wasp dragging an orange-kneed tarantula to her burrow; it has the most painful sting of any wasp. Of the dozens of extant wasp families, only the family Vespidae contains social species, primarily in the subfamilies Vespinae and Polistinae. All species of social wasps construct their nests using some form of plant fiber mostly wood pulp as the primary material, though this can be supplemented with mud, plant secretions e.WASP elites dominated American society, culture, and politics for most of the history of the United States, maintaining a monopoly through intermarriage, inheritance, and nepotism.

Although the social influence of wealthy WASPs has declined since the s, the group continues to dominate some financial and philanthropic fields and politics. During the latter half of the twentieth century, Americans increasingly criticized the WASP hegemony and disparaged them as the epitome of " the Establishment ". The Random House Unabridged Dictionary says the term is "sometimes disparaging and offensive". Sociologists sometimes use the term to broadly include all Protestant Americans of Northern European or Northwestern European ancestry, regardless of their British ancestry.

Historically, Anglo-Saxon referred to the language of indigenous inhabitants of England beforeespecially in contrast to Norman-French influence after that.

Since the 19th century, Anglo-Saxon has been in common use in the English-speaking world, but not in Britain itself, to refer to Protestants of principally English descent.

The first published mention of the term WASP in its acronym form was provided by political scientist Andrew Hacker inreferring to the class of Americans that held "national power in its economic, political, and social aspects"; [13] here the W stands for 'wealthy' rather than ' white ':. These 'old' Americans possess, for the most part, some common characteristics.

First of all, they are 'WASPs'—in the cocktail party jargon of the sociologists. That is, they are wealthy, they are Anglo-Saxon in origin, and they are Protestants and disproportionately Episcopalian. The term was popularized by sociologist and University of Pennsylvania professor E. Baltzell stressed the closed or caste-like characteristic of the group by arguing that "There is a crisis in American leadership in the middle of the twentieth century that is partly due, I think, to the declining authority of an establishment which is now based on an increasingly castelike White-Anglo Saxon-Protestant WASP upper class.

The concept of Anglo-Saxonism and especially Anglo-Saxon Protestantism evolved in the late 19th century, especially among American Protestant missionaries eager to transform the world. Historian Richard Kyle says:. Protestantism had not yet split into two mutually hostile camps — the liberals and fundamentalists.

Of great importance, evangelical Protestantism still dominated the cultural scene. American values bore the stamp of this Anglo-Saxon Protestant ascendancy.

The political, cultural, religious, and intellectual leaders of the nation were largely of a Northern European Protestant stock, and they propagated public morals compatible with their background. The negative connotation was especially common among Irish Americans and writers in France.

Anglo-Saxon, meaning in effect the whole Anglosphereremains a term favored by the French, used disapprovingly in contexts such as criticism of the Special Relationship of close diplomatic relations between the U.

It remains in use in Ireland as a term for the British or English, and sometimes in Scottish Nationalist discourse. Roosevelt insisted he was Dutch. Charles de Gaulle repeatedly sought to "rid France of Anglo-Saxon influence".

Outside of Anglophone countries, the term Anglo-Saxon and its translations are used to refer to the Anglophone peoples and societies of Britain, the United States, and countries such as Australia, Canada, and New Zealand.

In the nineteenth century, Anglo-Saxons was often used as a synonym for all people of English descent and sometimes more generally, for all the English-speaking peoples of the world. It was often used in implying superiority, much to the annoyance of outsiders. For example, Josiah Strong boasted in In this race numbered less than 6, souls. InAnglo-Saxons I use the term somewhat broadly to include all English-speaking peoples had increased to about 20, and now, inthey number more thanIs it not reasonable to believe that this race is destined to dispossess many weaker ones, assimilate others, and mould the remainder until WASPs traditionally have been associated with Episcopal or AnglicanPresbyterianUnited MethodistCongregationalistand other mainline Protestant denominations; but the term has expanded to include other Protestant denominations.

Sociologists William Thompson and Joseph Hickey described a further expansion of the term's meaning:. The term WASP has many meanings. In sociology it reflects that segment of the U. Northwestern Europe. The term To many people, WASP now includes most 'white' people who are not Expensive, private prep schools and universities have historically been associated with WASPs.

Colleges such as the Ivy Leaguethe Little Iviesand the Seven Sisters colleges are particularly intertwined with the culture.Top definition. Jenny's comfortable lifestyle of prep schools, homes in nantucket and westchesterand long-line of descendants from the same area made people label her a wasp. Oct 3 Word of the Day. Thoughts and prayers. Frenemy has a family tragedy. Strangely, those colleges are full of WASPs themselves.

White Anglo-Saxon Protestants

White Anglo-Saxon Protestant Descendants of colonial-era immigrants from the British Isles--especially England, but also from Wales and Scotland irrespective of the fact that Scots and Welsh people are predominantly descended from Celts, not descendants of Angles and Saxons --who belonged to the PresbyterianCongregationalist, and Episcopalian Anglican denominations of Protestantism.

The term is redundant because all Anglo-Saxons are white. To this day in America, the W. A flying insect that will sting you. Resembles a honey bee except bigger and they won't lose their stinger when they sting so that means one could sting you multiple times. Hell na I ain't goin out there, there's Wasps in that bitch. Historically an acronym for White Anglo-Saxon Protestant, but used traditionally and frequently to mean White Affluent Schooled Person sregardless of a precise national origin or specific christian denomination or religion.

Especially relevant in references to persons or families with old money ties in positions of certain power, notably those residing in certain pockets on the East Coast. The term is often associated and used interchangeably in reference to the perceived subculture of "Prep", "Preppy", "Prepdom" because of historical and unmistakable ties.

The acronym "wasp" has not become commercialized as greatly as the perceived "prep" lifestyle through clothing companies which try to sell this lifestyle to the aspiring common populace who strive to overcome the reality of exclusivity. Joe - "this is such a waspy neighborhood! Such wasps! Eee-o eleven UrbDic Rush B Cyka Blyat Pimp Nails Backpedaling Anol Wetter than an otter's pocket TSIF Related to wasp: Wasp sting.

A white person of Protestant English or other Northern European ancestry, especially one belonging to the American upper class. The organization was disbanded in Any of numerous social or solitary hymenopterans of the suborder Apocrita, especially of the family Vespidae, that characteristically have a slender hairless body with a constricted abdomen, two pairs of membranous wings, a mouth adapted for biting or sucking, and in the females an ovipositor sometimes modified as a sting.

25 Types of Wasps and Hornets

All rights reserved. Animals any social hymenopterous insect of the family Vespidae, esp Vespula vulgaris common wasptypically having a black-and-yellow body and an ovipositor specialized for stinging.

See also potter wasphornet. Animals any of various solitary hymenopterans, such as the digger wasp and gall wasp. Copyright, by Random House, Inc. Any of numerous insects having two pairs of wings, mouths adapted for biting or sucking, and in the females an egg-laying tube called an ovipositor that is often modified as a sting.

Wasps are related to ants and bees and can be solitary or live in colonies. Farlex Trivia Dictionary. Switch to new thesaurus. CaucasianWhiteWhite person - a member of the Caucasoid race. Based on WordNet 3. Related words adjective vespine habitation vespiarybike. White Anglo-Saxon Protestant; a term used critically often by minority groups to refer to the members of the privileged upper middle class in the USA.

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wasp

View in context. It had a great mouth, with a row of sharp teeth a foot long; but its head was joined to the pudgy body by a neck as slender as a wasp 's waist.

A WASP seated himself upon the head of a Snake and, striking him unceasingly with his stings, wounded him to death. Really, they'll sting us! The song was of a swarm of bees, and of a robber wasp who had come in to live with the bees and who was stealing all their honey. The effect upon the observer was rather something in the nature of a bee or wasp. Parts of the apparatus were spinning very rapidly, and gave one a hazy effect of transparent wings; but parts, including two peculiarly curved "wing-cases"--if one may borrow a figure from the flying beetles--remained expanded stiffly.

The dragon-fly had turned into a waspand asked nothing better than to sting. Perry was much interested in the unique habitation, which resembled nothing so much as a huge wasp 's nest built around the bole of a tree well above the ground.

The whole house had something of an egg shape; and it half hung, half stood in that steep, hillside thicket, like a wasp 's nest in a green hawthorn. But as he did not want the real story to be known, he said that about midnight a huge wasp had flown through the branches, and buzzed incessantly round him. We took our last look at the city, clinging like a whitewashed wasp 's nest to the hill-side, and at eight o'clock in the morning departed.

Bergson, quoting Fabre, has made play with the supposed extraordinary accuracy of the solitary wasp Ammophila, which lays its eggs in a caterpillar. Dictionary browser? Full browser?